Its decisive feature is that it eliminates an orientation to values because they are non-technical. It is found in both public and private organizations. Thompson gave the following characteristics of bureaucracy: A bureaucrat becomes a cog in the impersonal bureaucratic machine.
Whilst this means that every part is designed perfectly and operates in a predictable and standard way, it also means that the people within the organisation have to function as if they are merely cogs which lead to a number of key unintended consequences. The modern bureaucracy is a huge structure surrounded by countless rules and millions of files.
His vision becomes myopic. There are set rules and printed forms.
A set of formal rules and procedures are followed to ensure impartiality. Employees will simply follow rules and procedures blindly with little regard for the customer in the process. Bureaucracy in the middle ages was as active and vigorous as it is in the twentieth century.
The citizen is incapable to find the person whom he can pin down for a decision. There is no human touch anywhere. It therefore follows that in bureaucracies where motivation is low employees will simply perform sub optimally meaning they are not as efficient as first thought.
A lack of personal commitment is bred from having to follow set rules and having no discretion about doing so. But the modern bureaucracies are not only governmental but also economic. Routine procedures breed inflexibility. The officers hold office for a fixed tenure. Social Consequences of Bureaucracy: BUREAUCRACY ESSAY POINTS Introduction Given the subject matter of this essay revolves around bureaucracy, and given that bureaucracy is concerned with rules and order, it seems fitting to first begin with an official definition of the term; "A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives; a state or organization governed or managed according to such a system.
They have their separate clubs and mode of life. It may be noted that a socialistic form of organisation would not check the growth of economic bureaucracy rather it would create a still higher degree of bureaucratization.
Checks should be devised that bureaucrats remain like true servants of the people. This authority previously came about in two main ways; authority based on charisma the personal authority of a particular individual or authority based on tradition the established authority of institutions Grey, The bureaucrats consider the forms of business more important than its substance.
The industrial Revolution changed the techniques of production. Each officer acts mechanically All this kills the sense of judgement and initiative of the official. It has led to some evil social consequences which are as follows: The depersonalized character of bureaucratic administration tends to create ill will and resentment.
According to Wilson "the ideal type of bureaucracy is governed by a formal set of rules and procedures that ensures that operations and activities are carried out in a predictable, uniform and impersonal manner".
Along with governmental bureaucracies there has come into existence a wide network of economic bureaucracies.
This is where Weber coined his term of "The Iron Cage" of rationality. The capitalistic system has played a major part in the growth of bureaucracy. But today a large part of our life is controlled by bureaucracy.
The appointments are made on merit basis without any personal favour; c Job Tenure: The civil servant was much less specialized than his modern counterpart. There was mass production, division of labour and specialization.
There is firstly an issue regarding the levels of motivation among employees. The procedures become an end in themselves.
Bureaucracy exists to serve the citizen and procedures are developed with service in mind. When applied to organisations, this rational-legal authority means bureaucracy.AP Gov – Chapter 14 Outline I.
THE NATURE OF THE BUREAUCRACY A bureaucracy is a large organization that is structured hierarchically to carry out specific functions. The purpose of a bureaucracy is the efficient administration of rules. A preliminary investigation of Hall’s scales for the dimensions of bureaucracy revealed that there is a hierarchy of authority, division of labour, presence of rules, procedural specifications, impersonality, and personnel standards of technical competence (Jozef, ) which makes up the bureaucratic nature.
The Nature of Bureaucracy. A bureaucracy is the name given to a large organization that is structured hierarchically to carry out specific functions.
Essay on Bureaucracy: it’s Meaning and Growth! Meaning of Bureaucracy. The growth of Bureaucracy is a major social trend of modern society.
It is found in both public and private organizations. For this reason, a bureaucracy is often at odds with elected officials and their appointees, who by contrast often get elected or appointed on a promise to implement change. To minimize the effects of leaders who come and go, a bureaucracy will tend to seek power of its own and uses its power, for the most part, to maintain the status quo.
Bureaucracy is a system of management where the authority and power are hierarchical in nature where there is a specialization of labour and any action is effected with formal rules and regulations.
Scientific management or Taylorism is a system of management which was brought to improve economic performance especially labour productivity.Download