Bruce in the U. They passed the Military Reconstruction Acts ofwhich divided the South into five military districts and outlined how the new governments would be designed.
With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South.
Sumner preferred at first impartial requirements that would have imposed literacy restrictions on blacks and whites. Bythe Confederate dollar was worthless due to high inflation, and people in the South had to resort to bartering services for goods, or else use scarce Union dollars. Suffrage for former Confederates was one of two main concerns.
Over the next several years, Lincoln considered ideas about how to welcome the devastated South back into the Union, but as the war drew to a close in early he still had no clear plan.
They were also alarmed by Southern adoption of Black Codes that sought to maintain white supremacy. Historian Harold Hyman says that in Congressmen "described the oath as the last bulwark against the return of ex-rebels to power, the barrier behind which Southern Unionists and Negroes protected themselves.
They held positions that formerly belonged to Southern Democrats. They sought to establish an independent Confederacy of states in which slavery would be protected.
Following the election to the presidency of Republican Abraham Lincoln, 11 southern states eventually seceded from the Federal Union in The issues were multiple: Loyal to the Union during the Civil War, they saw the Republican Party as a means of keeping Confederates from regaining power in the South.
Stevens and his followers viewed secession as having left the states in a status like new territories. Congress during this period. They also disrupted political organizing and terrorized blacks to bar them from the polls.
Turner of Alabama, Josiah T. Colored Troops returned home at the end of the Civil War. Members of the U. Emancipation Proclamation Celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation in Massachusetts, In JulyPresident Lincoln became convinced that "a military necessity" was needed to strike at slavery in order to win the Civil War for the Union.
Passage of the 13th14thand 15th Amendments is the constitutional legacy of Reconstruction.Reconstruction After the American Civil War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. After the war, different factions in the government found strategies for Reconstruction difficult to agree on.
RECONSTRUCTION: AMERICA AFTER THE CIVIL WAR (w.t.) will take a broad view of the Reconstruction era and its aftermath, beginning with the hopeful moment of war’s end and emancipation in and.
Reconstruction: Reconstruction, the period () after the American Civil War during which attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states that had seceded.
The result was a costly and bloody civil war. Almost as many Americans were killed in the Civil War as in all the nation's other wars combined.
After four years of fighting, the Union was restored through the force of arms. Emancipation and Reconstruction. At the outset of the Civil War, to the dismay of the more radical abolitionists in the North, President Abraham Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal. Introduction. Reconstruction, one of the most turbulent and controversial eras in American history, began during the Civil War and ended inDownload