Only a dedicated reader will peruse the contents of the paper, and then, most often only the introduction and discussion sections. Chapter 6 discusses abstracts. This is an entire book about abstracting, written primarily for professional abstractors.
These are listed in Table 1. An abstract word limit of to words is common. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper. Think of a half-dozen search phrases and keywords that people looking for your work might use.
There are some situations, perhaps, where this may be justified. Table 3 Open in a separate window Carelessly written methods sections lack information about important issues such as sample size, numbers of patients in different groups, doses of medications, and duration of the study.
Why is it significant, important, of interest?
Each section is typically a single sentence, although there is room for creativity. Are your results general, potentially generalizable, or specific to a particular case? It is therefore the duty of the author to ensure that the abstract is properly representative of the entire paper.
This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract. Abstracts have always served the function of "selling" your work.
This is because readers who peruse an abstract do so to learn about the findings of the study. Did you use simulation, analytic models, prototype construction, or analysis of field data for an actual product?
But, if your paper appears in a somewhat un-traditional venue, be sure to include in the problem statement the domain or topic area that it is really applicable to.
Conclusion Writing an efficient abstract is hard work, but will repay you with increased impact on the world by enticing people to read your publications. These have two purposes. This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract for both conference and journal papers.
Following this checklist should increase the chance of people taking the time to obtain and read your complete paper.
In a computer architecture paper, this means that it should in most cases include the following sections. In a business context, an "executive summary" is often the only piece of a report read by the people who matter; and it should be similar in content if not tone to a journal paper abstract.
Find a comfortable balance between writing an abstract that both provides technical information and remains comprehensible to non-experts. In the rest of this paper, issues related to the contents of each section will be examined in turn.
This section should include the importance of your work, the difficulty of the area, and the impact it might have if successful.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript. Main conclusions or hypothesized conclusions. Be careful not to use too much jargon.
Some publications request "keywords".
Put the result there, in numbers. What is already known about the subject, related to the paper in question What is not known about the subject and hence what the study intended to examine or what the paper seeks to present In most cases, the background can be framed in just 2—3 sentences, with each sentence describing a different aspect of the information referred to above; sometimes, even a single sentence may suffice.
In most cases, however, a longer background section means that less space remains for the presentation of the results. Note that, in the interest of brevity, unnecessary content is avoided. In some cases it is appropriate to put the problem statement before the motivation, but usually this only works if most readers already understand why the problem is important.
Table 2 Open in a separate window Methods The methods section is usually the second-longest section in the abstract. Writers should follow a checklist consisting of: Finally, most readers will acknowledge, with a chuckle, that when they leaf through the hard copy of a journal, they look at only the titles of the contained papers.
Other Considerations An abstract must be a fully self-contained, capsule description of the paper. Use the following as a checklist for your next abstract: Keep technical language to a minimum.If you are unsure which type of abstract you should write, ask your instructor (if the abstract is for a class) or read other abstracts in your field or in the journal where you are submitting your article.
The abstract may be very brief, but it is so important that the official APA style manual identifies it as the most important paragraph in your entire paper. It may not take a lot of time to write, but careful attention to detail can ensure that your abstract does a good job representing the contents of your paper.
HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT: Tips and Samples Leah Carroll, Ph.D., Director, Office of Undergraduate Research An abstract is a short summary of your completed research. If done well, it makes the reader want to learn more about your research.
These are the basic components of an abstract in any discipline. Here are some very successful sample abstracts from a range of different disciplines written by advanced undergraduate students.
Notice that while all of them are strong, interesting, and convincing, each one was written at a different point in the project’s process. (like Benjamin Herman’s history abstract and Diana Dewi and Jennifer.
Aug 23, · To write an abstract, finish your paper first, then type a summary that identifies the purpose, problem, methods, results, and conclusion of your work.
After you get the details down, all that's left is to format it correctly%(92). How to Write an Abstract. Philip Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University October, Abstract. Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the full paper.Download